Mesopotamia (the land between the rivers) is located approximately where modern day Iraq is found. It was located between the river Tigris and the river Euphrates in one of the most harsh and uninviting environments imaginable. This was mainly due to the regions high temptratures (110 F) and sandy infertile soil. The two rivers that surrounded ancient Mesopotamia were also well known for their.
The season for this could be that Mesopotamia and Egyptians had access to different resources: Mesopotamia had vast plains for clay, while Egypt had the Nile River to produce papyrus reed. Also, the reason could be their purposes for writing were different. Cuneiform was ideal for record-keeping, while hieroglyphics were ideal for stories in the pyramids. Mesopotamia and Egypt both had leaders.